This post is part of a series about the Death of the Stretch IRA, and some ideas that you can use to minimize the effects of it.
Are Roth IRA Contributions and Conversions a Good Idea for Older Investors?
There is a lot of debate about whether or not Roth IRAs are a good idea and, in particular, whether or not they are a good idea for older investors. In my opinion, Roth IRAs and Roth IRA conversions are a good idea for both young and old investors. I also believe that Roth IRAs will become even more important after the Death of the Stretch IRA. Why do I believe this? In order to explain it, I have to ask you to change your paradigm about the way you perceive money. And if you can understand the concept I’m about to introduce, you’ll be way ahead of most lawyers, CPAs and financial advisors.
The Roth IRA Advantage: Purchasing Power
Suppose that John and Jim both want to buy a $600,000 vacation home. Jim has $900,000, and to keep things simple, I’m going to assume that his money is invested in a bank certificate of deposit, where there would be no capital gains generated if he cashed it in. John has $1,000,000 in his Traditional IRA and, when measured in dollars, he has an advantage because he clearly has more money than Jim. But John will have to pay tax when he withdraws money from his Traditional IRA, and, in this example, I’m going to assume that John doesn’t have any money outside of his retirement plan to pay the income tax due. That means he has to withdraw even more from his IRA in order to have $600,000 left to spend on his vacation home. Well, since the top tax rate is 39.6 percent, John will have to withdraw his entire $1 million IRA because he’ll owe the IRS almost $400,000. Jim’s vacation home cost him $600,000 because he didn’t have to worry about taxes, but John’s vacation home actually cost him closer to $1 million. So even though Jim didn’t have as much money as John, he had the advantage over him. He had more purchasing power than John because he already paid the income tax that was due on the money he used to buy the house.
That is the way that I would like you to think about your money – not in terms of the amount of dollars you have, but how much purchasing power you have. If you can understand the advantages of purchasing power, you will have the key to unlocking the secret of the Roth IRA treasure.
The Breakeven Point for Roth IRA Conversions
Some professionals insist that there is no advantage to an older investor doing a Roth IRA conversion. This is because they think of the conversion in terms of dollars rather than purchasing power – which means that an older investor may not have a long enough life expectancy to recoup the income taxes he prepaid. Well, that is like comparing apples to oranges. I believe that the breakeven point of a Roth IRA conversion happens on Day 1, and here’s why. Suppose Jim and John both own Traditional IRA s worth $100,000 plus $25,000 in after-tax accounts. If John cashes in his Traditional IRA he will have $100,000 to spend, but he has to use the $25,000 to pay the income tax due on the withdrawal. Jim, on the other hand, does a Roth IRA conversion. He converts his $100,000 to a Roth IRA and, yes, he also uses his $25,000 to pay income tax. On the day he makes the conversion, he has $100,000 – the same amount of money, and the same amount of purchasing power, as John. This means that the breakeven point of a Roth IRA conversion is the day of the conversion. The most significant difference happens in the future. For the rest of his life, all of the gains that Jim earns in his Roth IRA account will be tax free. And even if John just reinvests his $100,000 in a regular brokerage account, all of the future gains that are earned in the account will be taxable.
Roth IRAs can be a great idea for older investors. If you compare apples to apples and measure your purchasing power, rather than your money, the breakeven point for a Roth IRA conversion will happen on Day 1. And better yet, the tax-free feature of your Roth IRA can offer an excellent defense against the Death of the Stretch IRA.
Stop back soon for more Roth IRA talk!
For more information on this topic, please visit our Death of the Stretch IRA resource.
P.S. Did you miss a video blog post? Here are the past video blog posts in this video series.
Will New Rules for Inherited IRAs Mean the Death of the Stretch IRA?
Are There Any Exceptions to the Death of the Stretch IRA Legislation?
How will your Required Minimum Distributions Work After the Death of the Stretch IRA Legislation?
Can a Charitable Remainder Unitrust (CRUT) Protect your Heirs from the Death of the Stretch IRA?
What Should You Be Doing Now to Protect your Heirs from the Death of the Stretch IRA?
How Does The New DOL Fiduciary Rule Affect You?
Why is the Death of the Stretch IRA legislation likely to pass?
The Exclusions for the Death of the Stretch IRA
Using Gifting and Life Insurance as a Solution to the Death of the Stretch IRA
Using Roth Conversions as a Possible Solution for Death of the Stretch IRA
How Lange’s Cascading Beneficiary Plan can help protect your family against the Death of the Stretch IRA
How Flexible Estate Planning Can be a Solution for Death of the Stretch IRA
President Trump’s Tax Reform Proposal and How it Might Affect You
Getting Social Security Benefits Right with the Death of the Stretch IRA
The Best Age to Apply for Social Security Benefits after the Death of the Stretch IRA
Part II: The Best Age to Apply for Social Security Benefits after the Death of the Stretch IRA
Social Security Options After Divorce: Don’t Overlook the Possibilities Just Because You Hate Your Ex
Is Your Health the Best Reason to Wait to Apply for Social Security?
Roth IRA Conversions and the Death of the Stretch IRA